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What Does Refurbished Mean?

Apple, Samsung, Dell, and Lenovo all offer generous 1-year warranties on refurbished electronics.
Phone Repair for Refurbishment

When you see a product labeled as "refurbished," you may assume it's used or in poor condition. It doesn't take much shopping around to find refurbs with prices ranging from great to unreal — any smart shopper would assume there's a catch. Consider just a few price tags:

  • iPad Pro (10.5"): $649 new, $549 refurbished from Apple (15% off)
  • Samsung Galaxy S7: $570 new, $400 refurbished from Samsung (30% off)
  • Dell Latitude 5480: $989 new, $520 refurbished from Dell (47% off)

Refurbished deals can look like they're too good to be true, but that's not always the case. At the same time, buying refurbs does require caution. Here's what you need to know about refurbs to get a deal instead of a dud.

'Refurbished' Can Mean Different Things

Shopping for refurbished products can be tough because different retailers may mean different things when they call a product "refurbished." While the term always refers to an item that's been inspected and repaired, the amount of work done can vary significantly.

Factory- or manufacturer-refurbished products are likely to be the best refurbs — but also the most expensive.

For the most part, these are the terms used to describe refurbished products:

  • Refurbished: A product restored to like-new condition, though the definition of "like-new condition" varies. Factory-refurbished or manufacturer-refurbished products are likely to be the best refurbs — but also the most expensive. Items refurbished by a third party might have just been given a quick once-over before being put up for sale.

  • Certified: Products that have been tested to ensure they're in good working order, but not usually repaired. As with refurbished, the definition of "good working order" can vary.

  • Pre-owned: While some refurbished products are returns or damaged items that have been repaired, some are outright used. This isn't necessarily bad, as long as they've been refurbished properly.

Let's look at what Apple sells as a refurbished iPhone as an example. On top of being inspected and repaired, refurbished iPhones also have a new battery and outer shell. These upgrades are important when buying refurbished electronics, since products naturally become scuffed up with use and batteries wear out with age. Refurbished iPhones from Apple even come in a brand-new box with all original accessories and have the same 1-year warranty a new product gets — so there's no discernible difference between buying a new iPhone or a refurbished one.

SEE ALSO: When's the Best Time to Buy the Most Popular Smartphones?

But if you're looking for a Samsung Galaxy smartphone, you'll see Samsung sells its refurbished models as "certified pre-owned." While "certified" usually means a product has only been inspected, we'd consider these phones to be refurbished. Samsung completely rebuilds these handsets, replacing any damaged components. Though the company makes no specific promises about a new battery or outer shell, the phones they sell are typically in good condition. And like Apple's refurbished models, they come in a new box with all the original accessories and a 1-year warranty.

Not every refurbished product will go through such a detailed process — and many retailers don't do much to explain what repairs products have received before they wind up on store shelves. So it's on you to be a careful shopper and make sure you know what you're getting before you buy.

Know Who Refurbished the Product

Because the condition of "refurbished" products can vary, it's important to know who refurbished an item before you buy. It's best to buy refurbished products directly from the manufacturer. Not only does the manufacturer know the product best, but they'll often include a 1-year warranty with refurbished products. A long warranty indicates the refurbisher stands behind the product, basically guaranteeing it'll work.

A 1-year warranty is as good as you're going to get on a refurbished product.

A 1-year warranty is as good as you're going to get on a refurbished device. And for many electronics, it's the same warranty you'd get on a brand-new gadget. Products refurbished by a third party will have a shorter warranty, typically ranging from 30 to 90 days. That offers some reassurance that the product is in good working order, but not as much as with a longer warranty from the manufacturer.

And if you're counting on warranty protection provided by your credit card — many of which offer extended warranties as a benefit — don't be too sure. Your credit card's protection may explicitly exclude used or refurbished items. Don't assume; check to see if you're covered!

Buy From a Reputable Retailer

While buying from the manufacturer is best, items purchased this way also tend to be the most expensive. Grabbing a refurb from Amazon, Best Buy, Newegg, or Walmart — all of which carry a range of refurbs — will get you a lower price but a shorter warranty. And if you're considering a retailer you're not familiar with, you'll want to do research first. Check reviews of the retailer and its products so you know if they're reliable.

SEE ALSO: L.L.Bean Killed Its Return Policy, and I'm Not Okay

Regardless of the retailer you buy from, you'll want to know its return policy. Like a warranty, a good return policy shows the retailer stands by its products — and if you have problems, you can return items for a refund or exchange. Be wary of retailers selling products as is or with no return policy. You're buying a product that has, for some reason or another, seen some wear. If you find it doesn't work when you open the box, you want to be able to take it back for an exchange. If you buy a product as is, you're stuck with it.

Refurbs sold without a return policy can be amazing deals, but they do carry some risk. If you aren't willing to take the risk (and potentially throw away your money), be sure to buy from a retailer that offers a generous return policy between seven to 30 days.

Refurbished Can Be Like New — But It's Not New

Some refurbished items actually are as good as new, and they may even actually be new. However, for some reason, these items can't be sold as new — they could've been floor models, been returned during their return window, had their packaging damaged, or could be defective in some way. And while that last possibility may concern you, all refurbs have been repaired and inspected to ensure they're in like-new condition, so they should function as well as a brand-new product. The only difference may be the price.

The biggest downside of buying refurbished is you'll never get the latest, greatest products. At best, you'll be getting items that are a few months old — but you can expect more refurbished stock after a product has been on the market for about a year. (This is especially true with smartphones, as refurbished, pre-owned models will flood the marketplace after a new model is released.)

You can expect more refurbished stock after a product has been on the market for about a year.

For appliances like vacuum cleaners, you probably don't care whether it's the newest model as long as it works. But for electronics like smartphones and laptops, you have to be aware you're getting an older model, one that probably won't perform as well as the latest systems. While a model a year or two old will be fine for most users, you don't want to buy electronics that are too old. No amount of refurbishing will make them as fast as the newest models.

Another factor to consider is battery life. Any product powered by a lithium-ion battery will lose battery power over time, which can make buying older models a bit dicey. This is especially the case with smartphones — in part because we usually don't think phones have enough battery life when they're brand-new. While any decent refurbisher should replace the battery if it's particularly degraded, there's no guarantee. Apple is the only retailer that assures the batteries in its smartphones or tablets are brand-new.

When you buy refurbished, it's a good idea to compare the refurbished model to new models. If you need the features of a newer model, either wait until it's available in refurbished form or shell out the cash to buy it new. Sometimes you may even find the newer model has a competitive price — and if so, it can be worth picking up the latest product.

Where to Shop for Refurbished Products

As we mentioned earlier, you should start your refurb shopping with the manufacturers. Here are a few to look into:

  • Apple: Its refurbs all come with a 1-year warranty, and many have new batteries and outer shells. This is often the best way to buy Apple products, though sometimes you'll find sales on new products at Best Buy or Target that beat these deals.
  • Samsung: Its phones all come with a 1-year warranty.
  • Dell: Most of its refurbs have a 1-year warranty.
  • Lenovo: Most of its refurbs come with a 1-year warranty.

If you're looking for lower prices — or more variety — a third-party retailer may be the way to go. Just be aware that with most third-party retailers, it's not clear who refurbished a product or what was done to it — so pay careful attention to the product description, and be sure the product matches its description when you receive it. Warranty coverage can also vary from product to product, so check warranty information carefully.

  • Amazon Renewed: Like Amazon proper, it sells a little of everything, and all of it comes with a minimum 90-day warranty.
  • Best Buy: This retailer offers everything from headphones to smartwatches.
  • Newegg: It offers a wide variety of electronics.
  • Walmart: It sells refurbished models of just about anything. However, the company doesn't have a specific page for refurbished items, so you'll have to search for the item you want.

Bear in mind, these aren't exhaustive lists. Most manufacturers and retailers offer a refurbished selection of some sort. If you don't see the product of your choice here, search for it. You may find a bargain by buying refurbished!

Readers, what experiences have you had with refurbished products? Would you recommend others buy refurbs? Share your thoughts in the comments below.

Contributing Writer

Originally working in IT, Elizabeth now writes on tech, gaming, and general consumer issues. Her articles have appeared in USA Today, Time, AOL, PriceGrabber, and more. She has been one of DealNews' most regular contributors since 2013, researching everything from vacuums to renters insurance to help consumers.
DealNews may be compensated by companies mentioned in this article. Please note that, although prices sometimes fluctuate or expire unexpectedly, all products and deals mentioned in this feature were available at the lowest total price we could find at the time of publication (unless otherwise specified).
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Hard to believe eBay wasn't mentioned for refurbs - they're likely one of the biggest sources of refurbs.

Also, "Open Box" wasn't mentioned. In theory, for honest sellers these are "as new", with all the original packaging, perhaps buyer's remorse returns.

As others have mentioned, use extreme caution with any refurb not from a trusted manufacturer-refurbed source. Note some sellers of refurbs will claim "manufacturer refurbed" when it is not true.
If the refurb discount is high enough, it can be cost-effective to buy an extended warranty for a total of three years with accidental damage protection. You end up with a product guaranteed to serve you for a longer period of time and for less than the cost of the "off the factory belt" model.
Another positive for factory refurbished from me. Much safer/reliable with factory warranty. Difficult to take chances on 3rd party refurbished items.
I only buy factory refurbished items which come with the same warranty as a new unit, backed by the manufacturer. For the last 10 years I have bought refurbished units from Apple, Dell, Canon, Garmin, and Arris (formerly modem by Motrola). All came in plain boxes with the same accessories and the same 1-year warranty I would not buy something refurbished by a third party which usually has may be a 30-day warranty.
Super surprised that this article doesn't mention eBay at all... I have bought a ton of refurbs directly from the manufacturer from companies like Worx and Black and Decker. Never had a problem with any of them.
If you can't resist a "seller refurbished" item, make sure you pay with PayPal if at all possible. And then choose the option to pay on delivery.
I always look to Apple and Nikon refurb items first. The great thing about Wal-Mart refurb items, such as iPhone, is you can very conveniently return to brick and mortar. Buy until you find a phone with a couple of charges on it. I suspect Apple clears some iPhone inventory, and Wal-Mart sells new phones as refurb. I am highly suspect of many other refurbed phones.
I've had great results from buying factory refurbished items, particularly from Apple (iPad) and Canon (lenses). I bought refurbished from Newegg (not factory refurbished) and it looked like it had been dragged behind a truck...still worked, but was not happy with the purchase.

I will only buy electronics that have been refurbished by the manufacturer....when it says seller refurbished, I back away.