4 Tax Deductions You Had No Idea Existed

If you send your kids to summer camp or fostered animals in 2017, you can reap the benefits at tax time.
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What you don't know can hurt you, especially when it comes to taxes. The onus is on you to find all the deductions you can and claim them.

Here's a look at four commonly overlooked tax deductions.

Summer Day Camp for Your Kids

Daycare isn't the only type of childcare deduction you may be eligible for. "If you're a parent of a child under the age of 13, then you might already know that you're allowed to claim a credit for money you spend on childcare while you're at work," says Joshua Zimmelman, president of Westwood Tax & Consulting. "But, you might not realize that summer camp costs also qualify."

According to TurboTax, "you may qualify for a tax credit of up to 35% of qualifying expenses of $3,000 for one child or dependent, or up to $6,000 for two or more children or dependents."

Volunteering Costs

You can deduct any monetary donations you made to eligible charitable organizations, and noncash donations of goods are also deductible. However, you can also deduct expenses you incur while volunteering, including gas for mileage driven or other transportation costs. "However, you can't deduct the time you spend volunteering," Zimmelman says.

SEE ALSO: Your Stress-Free Guide to Itemized Tax Deductions

Consider using a standard mileage rate of 14 cents a mile to calculate your vehicle deduction for miles driven in service to a charitable organization. For instance, you can deduct mileage for driving to a shelter to serve meals to the homeless. Parking fees and tolls are deductible, too.

Certain Animal Expenses

It's probably not news that both visually and hearing-impaired people can deduct expenses for purchasing, training, and maintaining a guide dog or other service animal. But you can also deduct the expenses of an emotional support animal if you can prove it was purchased and used primarily because of a specific mental illness or disorder that the animal can aid in treating, notes Ryan Bayonnet, a certified financial planner and enrolled agent with Hyland Financial Planning.

You may be able to deduct the expenses of an emotional support animal, or the costs for fostering a dog or cat.

Furthermore, if you foster a cat or dog for an animal-related 501(c)(3) organization, you may be able to claim some related expenses. Unreimbursed out-of-pocket spending on things like food, medicines, veterinary bills, crates, and garbage bags are all deductible according to tax consultant Abby Eisenkraft, and author of 101 Ways to Stay Off the IRS Radar.

Home Sales and Changes

If you've sold your home at a gain, you may exclude up to $250,000 of that gain from your income if you're single, or up to $500,000 if married filing jointly. It must have been your main home during at least two of the last five years. When calculating the gain on your home, determine the difference between the proceeds of your sale and your basis. Your basis includes what you originally paid for the home, plus any improvements you made. (Improvements include big items such as an addition and smaller items like a fence.)

SEE ALSO: Should You Do Your Own Taxes? 5 Questions to Ask

"You can also add to the basis the agent's sales commission and some settlement fees and closing costs such as legal fees, recording fees, and survey fees," says Melinda Kibler, a certified financial planner and enrolled agent with Palisades Hudson Financial Group. "Keep clear records to substantiate your basis in case the IRS ever audits you."

You can also claim a deduction for retrofitting your home for a disability — say, putting in ramps, widening doorways, installing railings, or modifying cabinets.

And if your doctor has written a prescription for you to swim for exercise or recovery, then your pool may be deductible (with proper substantiation), along with the costs to operate it, Eisenkraft says.

Readers, what are some other deductions many people overlook? Let us know in the comments below!

Sheryl Nance-Nash
Contributing Writer

Sheryl Nance-Nash is a New York City-based freelance writer specializing in personal finance, small business, general business, and travel. Her work has appeared in The New York Times, Money, DailyFinance.com, Forbes.com, and many more.
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